Saudi Arabia Readies for Unprecedented Islamic Pilgrimage amid Coronavirus Pandemic

Saudi Arabia Hajj 2020

Saudi Arabia Hajj 2020

This year’s Hajj pilgrims finished the procedures of a weeklong home isolation, according to the health protocol approved for the major Islamic pilgrimage this year that begins next week.
Pilgrims started arriving in Makkah, where they will undergo four days of quarantine at designated hotels in the holy city. The strict health protocol was approved by the Saudi government to combat the COVID-19 pandemic.
Hajj begins on the 8th of Dhul Hijjah, the last month of the Islamic year 1441, and runs to the 12th or 13th of Dhul Hijjah, corresponding to July 28-August 2 , 2020. The Saudi authorities decided to hold the pilgrimage in the midst of exceptional circumstances caused by the Coronavirus pandemic, necessitating strict precautionary measures that have been applied to ensure a safer Hajj.
The pilgrimage this year is limited to citizens and residents of Saudi Arabia, who meet preset
conditions and have been subjected to quarantine procedures. Individuals from 160 nationalities
residing in the Kingdom have been selected to perform the Hajj. The number of pilgrims has been
dramatically reduced to ensure social distancing measures are adhered to.
Minister of Hajj and Umrah, H.E. Dr. Muhammad Saleh bin Taher Benten, said the
organisation of Hajj for 2020 is being carried out according to a strategic plan and strict health
protocols. These comprehensive plans will be implemented by security and health and service

The plans include the provision of the best of health services and most appropriate crowd control,
in line with the precautionary measures and preventive protocols formulated by the Ministry of
Health to ensure pilgrims’ health safety, H.E. Benten said.

“Hajj in 2020 is a truly exceptional pilgrimage by all measures,” H.E. Benten said. “It is taking
place amidst the very unusual circumstances of the COVID-19 Coronavirus pandemic, which is
impacting Saudi Arabia and the world at large. Due to the exceptional global health
circumstances caused by the Coronavirus pandemic, strict precautionary measures have been
applied to ensure a healthy Hajj for all pilgrims.”

“We are using engineering standards and protocols, whether in arrivals, or in transport by buses,
and in the circumambulation around the Kaaba, and in Saee (Hajj ritual), and services that the
pilgrim need but in a way to safeguard them against infection, without transmission of the virus to
the pilgrim or to the workers also serving this pilgrim,” H.E. Benten said.

He lauded the support from the Kingdom’s leadership, stressing that the selection process was
carried out in complete transparency, with careful observance of health determinants, the most
important of which was the pilgrim obtaining a certified PCR certificate proving a negative
COVID-19 result.

“Health determinants are the basis in the process of selecting pilgrims residing inside the Kingdom
of Saudi Arabia, and there are no exceptions to anyone during the Hajj season 1441 AH,” His
Excellency said, in remarks carried by the official Saudi Press Agency (SPA) on Friday.

H.E. Benten added: “The Hajj pilgrimage this year will not be performed by any government
official or participant in the service of pilgrims.” Ensuring the safety of the pilgrims and the
cadres working in the service of pilgrims is the most important thing during this Hajj season, he

‘Four pillars’
According to Major General Mohammed bin Wasl Al-Ahmadi, Assistant Commander of
the Hajj Security Forces for the Grand Mosque and its premises Security, the Hajj security
plan for is based on four pillars: organisation, security, humanitarianism and healthcare.
The Hajj Security Force has put a mechanism fixing ways of entrance and exit from and to the
Grand mosque during the pilgrimage, he said, with passage for pilgrims extending from the
southern and western premises of the mosque, as well as special passages around the
circumambulation and Saee areas.

This time around, pilgrims will head to Makkah after finishing their isolation period. They will
spend days in one of Makkah’s hotels, inspected personally by H.E. Benten.

The pilgrims will receive healthcare inspections at their Makkah hotels to check for any
symptoms. Upon a positive signal, the faithful will head to Mount Arafat accompanied by a
medical team.

Tents to accommodate pilgrims have been set up at Mount Arafat by the Ministry of Hajj and
Umrah, which also put in place plans to transport the pilgrims while strict social distancing
measures are being observed.

Pilgrims arriving at the hotels in Makkah received a special kit provided by the Ministry of Hajj
and Umrah. It contained a face mask, Hajj ihram garments, a prayer rug, ritual stones and
hygiene items such as shaving instruments, personal-care tools and a guidebook for the

Hotel isolation
Starting on Saturday, pilgrims will start a four-day hotel quarantine, according to H.E. Deputy
Minister of Hajj and Umrah, Dr. Abdel Fattah bin Suleiman Mashat.

In comments carried by SPA, HE Mashat has confirmed that there was coordination with the
Ministries of Health and Interior for the application of health and security protocols, during Hajj,
which he also described as an “the exceptional Hajj” of all procedural, organisational and health

“There are 160 nationalities representing all resident pilgrims who were chosen to perform Hajj
this year,” he said, adding that was no differentiation in the selection process except in terms of
health standards set by the health authorities.

Dr. Mashat said that the selection of the resident pilgrims was through the electronic portal,
noting that the Ministry of Hajj and Umrah began implementing from early on its detailed and
operational plans to organise this year’s Hajj, which came in exceptional circumstances due to the
coronavirus pandemic, taking all health, security and organisational measures for pilgrims to
perform the rites of the fifth pillar of Islam in peace and security.

Elaborating on the measures, he said a leader was identified for each group of pilgrims to make
sure that the preventive measures and health messages were clear to them.

‘Once in a lifetime opportunity’
Fawziya Mohamed, 38, from Malaysia, said: “I am from Malaysia and this is my first time to
perform Hajj this year. ‘Alhamdillah’, I feel very grateful because I didn’t think I was going to
receive this once-in-a-lifetime-opportunity. They called me to announce my acceptance into Hajj
and I truly believe this was a gift, as coincidentally I will be celebrating my upcoming birthday
which falls on July 28 (first day of hajj rituals).”

Upon his arrival in Makkah, a Macedonian pilgrim who identified himself as Alaaeldine, said:
“Selam aleykum. Alhamdulillah we have arrived safe and sound… I want to thank everyone
involved in the organization for this year’s Hajj; may Allah be pleased with you all. Jazak Allahu

Azra Alli, 38, from South Africa, who works as an English language teacher in Jeddah and has
been living in Saudi Arabia for the past 6 years, said she was always reluctant to perform Hajj
due to the massive crowds in years past.

“I honestly never had any prior intentions to do Hajj this year. One of my biggest concerns was
always the large number of people that come for Hajj each year. The idea of joining 2.5 million
always made me feel claustrophobic. But then COVID-19 happened and life as we knew it
changed. Initially, I was afraid of the idea of doing Hajj in a pandemic, but then I thought that it
was highly unlikely that I’d be chosen anyway, and it wouldn’t hurt just to try.

“I was really impressed at the amount of thought that went into the execution of everything from
the enforced quarantine, to the visit from the Ministry of Health, and the overall coordination of
everything given that it all occurred over a very short period of time.”

Asked if she was nervous and why, Alli said: “At this moment in time I’m quite overwhelmed
with everything. It feels like everything is happening all at once and that I’m not ready… Is
anyone ever really ready? The gravity of this ritual hits home. It’s a kind of reckoning, not just
with The Almighty, but with oneself too. It’s both equally exciting and terrifying.

“This is the most grateful gift and feeling that I have ever known.”

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